The custom is that you show respect by greeting everyone. There are many words for greetings. Good morning. Good day. Good afternoon. Buenas noches. Good night. Good evening. How are you doing? How are you, pal? So the greeting is a good starting point while you collect your thoughts. Use ustedes when you are talking with more than one person. See Appendix A for more discussion of this and for a description of the regional differences in this usage. Notice that two abbreviations are very common for usted and ustedes. They are capitalized and have a period at the end to show they are abbreviations.
They are all pronounced exactly the same, as usted or ustedes. The abbreviation Vds. That is why usted patterns with the third-person verb forms and not the second: Ud. This can mean being solicitous for their welfare and noticing if they need something. It also means that generally when greeting or saying good-bye people touch each other in various ways. If you see two men grabbing each other by the shoulders, embracing, and patting each other or two women kissing and hugging, you might think that they are siblings who were separated at birth. But, no! Although there are some variations in different regions, the following are the usual customs of the Spanish-speaking world regarding touching when a person is introduced to someone or happens to encounter a person he or she already knows.
Between two women, either one can take the initiative, or at times they simply brush cheeks. No kiss between two men unless they are relatives or very good friends. The same as above, but on both cheeks. In Spain, this is the norm. This may happen too if someone wishes to show great respect to an older person or someone in authority, such as a priest. Well-bred children usually offer their cheeks to adults and expect to be kissed, unless they are from the countryside, in which case they may be more reserved.
A woman may also extend her hand rather than offer her cheek. There is nothing wrong or odd about this. I have a terrible cold. The Doors of Courtesy Many English-speaking people learn an old rhyme in childhood: The doors of courtesy have two keys. Here are some variations on them. First of all, imagine that you are staying at a hotel and want to ask for the key to your room. Key, please! La llave, por favor. The key, please. Favor de darme la llave. Please give me the key. Could you give me the key? Could you please give me the key? Thank you.
Muchas gracias. Thank you very much. Muchas gracias, muy amable. Thank you very much, very kind of you. Mil gracias. Thanks very much. Literally, A thousand thanks. Many thanks. Estoy muy agradecido -a. Thank you so very much. I am very grateful. Usted ha sido muy amable conmigo. You have been very kind to me. I am very, very grateful to you. I am extremely grateful to you. Muchas gracias por su bondad. Thank you so much for your kindness. The rituals for greeting people discussed earlier are also used when saying good-bye. English speakers often seem to linger endlessly at the doorway, talking on and on, as though they need to generate the right climate of social warmth before leaving.
Hasta luego. See you later. Hasta la vista. Until the next time we see each other. Literally, Until sight. Good-bye, until the next time we see each other see you later. Hasta pronto.
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See you soon. Literally, Until soon. Until the next time. Hasta la semana el mes que viene. Until next week month. Until next Saturday. Nos vemos pronto. Me voy. Chau is from the Italian ciao and is used a lot in the Southern Cone. Courtesy and good speaking manners will open a hundred doors for you. Circle the letter of the correct option for each statement or question. To be bien educado -a , you need to have a. A good way to greet two friends you meet up with at the market is a. What is the correct abbreviation of ustedes? In Spain and Latin America the usual greeting between two women includes a.
To tell someone you are very grateful to them, you can say, Estoy muy After that, you can present the statement or question you hope will launch a conversation. Perdone usted. Excuse me. Excuse me for interrupting you. Could you help me? Do you know what time it is? From this, you can start to talk about the letters you have to mail or the paintings you want to see. Busco una tienda farmacia. To continue, talk about what you want to buy. Estoy perdido -a. Then you can expand on why you are lost or on where you come from and how different the streets are there.
Try to start a conversation about food or restaurants. Tengo una pregunta.
I have a question. Where could I rent a bicycle skates? Could you tell me something about this monument building? This is a direct attempt to start a conversation and depends on there being a lovely view in front of you, unless you opt for irony and say this in front of a place that is just the opposite. You will know right away if the other person is in the mood for chatting. What is your name?
This very direct approach should be accompanied by a big smile, una sonrisa muy grande. Soy de Hi, how are you doing? Where are you from? As direct as they come, this approach gives you the advantage of being able to talk about your home country and wherever the other person comes from.
Los pinos, en el restaurante Los pinos. Pines, the Pines Restaurant. Check your answers against the Answer Key. Preview 1. What word can you use to call for help in an emergency? What do compa, bici, and compu mean? How can you agree with someone or disagree without being disagreeable? But when it comes to understanding Spanish, you can develop a strategy: active listening.
For example, two English speakers sit down at a Mexican restaurant to order lunch. His inclination is to just give up and point to the menu. Fortunately, his companion hears one word that he thinks he understands: pollo. Now the persistent companion seizes on another word: arroz. What the waiter had said was: Pues, les sugiero que prueben el arroz con pollo Later the waiter comes back. He rattles off a long speech, none of which either of the English speakers understands.
One of them, at a total loss, says No comprendo. His friend, once again concen- Sonido y sentido 39 trating hard, thinks: What is this guy probably saying? He guesses that the list of incomprehensible things the waiter rattled off are dessert choices. There are many strategies that people use to communicate, but using background knowledge and paying attention to context clues are two of the most important.
Body language, gestures, and some common interjections can give crucial context clues to the meaning of a word or phrase. With a little background knowledge about these topics, you will be able to use active listening skills to boost your Spanish comprehension. Understanding Body Language In general, Hispanics may sit or stand closer to each other than English speakers do.
They are more likely to touch—for instance, two women may sit very close to each other or walk arm-in-arm. Greetings and leave-takings may involve hugs, kisses, or hearty pats on the back. However, some body language is the same in the Hispanic world as among English speakers. Many gestures, for example, are the same.
Pay attention! The hand is held palm down and tilted back and forth. Dinero o falta de dinero. Money or lack of money. Un momento. Just a minute. What a tightwad! How cheap! The hand is touching the elbow. What a problem! Oh, dear! That was close! A bunch! The wrist is held out and the hand is shaken quickly; the hand is in a position as Sonido y sentido 41 though playing a guitar except that the elbow is in and the wrist is limp.
Vamos a comer. How tasty! La cuenta, por favor. Check, please. The person pretends to write with an imaginary pencil. If you watch Spanish-language movies, you will see these gestures, or you might ask a Hispanic friend to show them to you in person. Sometimes a single sound can also carry a lot of meaning, with no words at all. How cold the water is! What an ugly spider! Yeah, right!
Eso no me importa. No te creo. Do the job task, homework , okay? Those are my keys. Oh, what a scare it gave me! Ow, that hurts what pain! I hit myself. She was walking along and Bam! I have the wrong room. I made a mistake with the room. All right! Do you want to dance? Shall I ask that girl if she wants to dance with me? There are some other special expressions like the preceding one that are also used in Mexico.
Like this? Way to go! Debo llamarla. I should call her. Too bad! Good luck! Be careful! Calm down! Tranquila would be used if you are talking to a girl or woman. Hang in there! Buck up! How happy I am! Literally, What happiness! How awful! Good grief! Literally, What barbarity! What a pleasure! What bad luck! What a pain! What nonsense! How pretty she or it is! How intelligent he or she is! How nice they are!
How ridiculous! The descriptive word has to agree with the person or thing described, masculine or feminine, singular or plural. What Spanish interjection can you use in each of these situations? Sonido y sentido 45 1. Your friend is just about to walk out in front of an oncoming car. Someone tries to steal your wallet and you want help. You stub your toe and are in pain. The tour driver gets upset because someone is late; you try to calm him down.
You want to tell the tour guide that you think the park el parque he is pointing out is very pretty. Circle the letter of the logical response. Fernando y Olivia se van a divorciar. Esa carne no sirve Here are a few of them: Listening for Stressed Words Without thinking about it, you stress the important words in anything you say in English.
Look at these examples in English; the stressed words are in capital letters. Customer: YES, please. And could you bring me a FORK? If you resign yourself to not understanding everything and focus on the stressed words, you can often get the gist. Understanding Missing Words Sometimes there are words that are understood but that are missing in a sentence. Of course, the obvious example for English speakers is when a subject pronoun is missing because the verb form tells who the subject is: [Nosotros] Somos de Lima.
Todo eso All of that. Ese chico debe esperar; tan impaciente Esto para ti. This [is] for you. Me dio un susto It gave me [such] a [terrible] fright. Yes, a piece of bread; just [so I can] eat something. Ni idea. Well, you get the picture. Sometimes if a message sounds incomplete, it may be!
Sometimes there are elisions, or linking, when two syllables are run together and pronounced as one. Clerk: I dunno. Lemme check. Whatcher last name? Customer: Romero. Doya wanna wait? The same kind of thing happens in Spanish. That has nothing to do with me. Fernando went to the market place. Are you sure? What are you waiting for? What happened afterward? Sonido y sentido 49 5.
Now what should we do? So why are they buying so many things? Where are you going? You have to move forward, keep plugging. The front seat is occupied. Put it in the back seat. I think about her all the time. Linking also occurs with words that start with a silent h.
Where are you going, son? What are you going to do? If it were good weather, you could go swimming. Understanding Shortened Words or Expressions Many words or expressions are customarily shortened in informal speech. Chasgracias Muchas gracias. This present is for me? Buy me an ice cream cone, Mom, please. Chogusto Mucho gusto. This is your brother?
Glad to meet you. Necesito ir a la cocina. Conper Con permiso. I need to go to the kitchen. There are many nouns that are shortened. Can you guess what the following might be?
Cualquier comportamiento que se produzca repetidamente, es un comportamiento que merece ser recompensado. Yo animo a todo el mundo a realizar este curso, tengan conocimientos SEO o no los tengan. No es una herramienta que utilice habitualmente, pero si quieres vemos lo que nos dice: en enero de , dietas In order to reach these economies of scale, these plants operate mostly on virgin oils. Some process catalysts used in petroleum and chemical refining can be poisoned when trace amounts of sulfur are present. Diego Maradona. The SO2 is excited, from which fluorescence is emitted as it returns to its stable state.
Answers are at the bottom of page All of these sentences mean the same thing: Is Gabriel home? The subject can go before or after the verb. Similarly, intonation plays a role. The guests are here already. Are the guests here already? The guests are here already? What do they mean?
Pay attention to the verb forms and try to determine the subjects. The answers are at the bottom of page Sonido y sentido 53 1. Con tanto trabajo que hacer, no tengo tiempo. Muy cansado parece tu hermano. Un apartamento en el centro queremos alquilar. Sometimes shortened forms of words are used in Spanish, just as in English. What do the italicized words in the following short conversations mean?
A: Vamos al 1 super. Necesito comprar leche. B: No me digas. A: Voy a la tienda para comprar un monitor para mi 6 compu. A: No, en carro. Felipe me va a llevar. Answers: 1. No one talks to me that way. Your brother looks very tired. We want to rent an apartment downtown. B: Creo que va al 12 insti. Tiene una cita con la 13 dire. Tengo una 15 depre. No entiendo.
Sonido y sentido 55 3. What did you say? What were you saying? What does the word. Slower, please. As with any language, listening is a key to good relationships with other people. People want to talk about their problems, and they like to have someone to voice their opinions to. Try to show that you are listening and that you understand. On the next page are some ways to show that you are tuned in to the person who is speaking to you. How interesting horrible, marvelous, etc.
And after that? And then? What happened after that?
Yes, I understand. Yes, sure, of course. How long ago did that happen? And what were you doing while that was going on?
Yes, of course! Sonido y sentido 57 3. Por supuesto. Of course. Eso es. Spain Vaya. Vaya pues. Great, agreed, understood. Estoy de acuerdo. I agree. Como quiera. Whatever you want. Estoy de acuerdo en parte, pero I partly agree, but. Well, yes, up to a point, but on the other hand. Bueno, eso depende. Well, that depends. Al contrario On the contrary. Oh, come on! No puede ser. No way! Para nada. No way. Entre tu y Dean…va a parecer que me he muerto!
Ay, que se me escapa algo…. Lo siento Luis!! Gran web!! Hola Dean, al igual que tu, el caso de dietas10 me marco. Desde que lo vi en Quondos, me di cuenta que es la mejor forma de que un webmaster con pocos recursos economicos y tiempo cree sus blogs. La duda que me surge es si este nuevo curso de seonautas es mas en profundidad de lo que hemos visto en Quondos o es el mismo. Si has visto el de Quondos, no te vas a encontrar con grandes cosas nuevas en este.
Un abrazo! Uno aprende y descubre muchos conceptos y detalles que te pueden ayudar mucho para tus proyectos. Le estube dando muchas vueltas de si hacerlo como una web nueva que es lo habitual o con subdominio, y al final lo segundo jeje. Es una cosa que he comentado con varios SEOs en varias ocasiones, enlazar con do follow tus redes sociales o con no follow,.
Ahora, que el sitio es rentable creo que no hay duda. Es que eso es un blog martillo, estos cabrones han construido el arquetipo de blog martillo perfecto a base de landings. Nada de humo…. Me decido por hacer el curso, aunque no me sobre la pasta precisamente. Y le puedo poner publicidad? Y ya que estamos, la verdad no encuentro una keyword aceptable si quiera… todo esta mas que usado. Con ese abreboca y dejarnos con las gana de saber mas!!!!
Eso fue lo que hicisteis con este post!! Para no modificar la densidad y prominencia de las palabras clave la mayor parte de los comentarios no los aprueban,. El sitio web recibe un promedio de 7. Si claro que lo puedo explicar, tira la herramienta que te ha dado esos datos, o pide que te devuelvan el dinero, obviamente son irreales.
Hola Dean! El DA no sirve para nadaaaaaaaa!!! Saludos a ambos!!! Una cosa respecto al enlazado interno. Hola Dean. Tremendo articulo como siempre gracias por compartirlo. He estado analizando dietas Calculo que las visitas rondan las 2. Siendo generosos. Gente curiosa: meter la web en Semrush, Sistrix o alguna herramienta SEO fiable del mercado y sacar conclusiones,. No es una herramienta que utilice habitualmente, pero si quieres vemos lo que nos dice: en enero de , dietas Nada del otro jueves. Mira Martin, yo estoy dentro del curso y la verdad me ha parecido uno de los mejores casos de estudio que he visto en cuanto a posicionar una web.
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