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Overview He darted through the orange orchard searching for slugs for his breakfast, and between whiles he rocked on the branches and rang over his message of encouragement to men. The song of the Cardinal was overflowing with joy, for this was his holiday, his playtime. The southern world was filled with brilliant sunshine, gaudy flowers, an abundance of fruit, myriads of insects, and never a thing to do except to bathe, feast, and be happy. No wonder his song was a prophecy of good cheer for the future, for happiness made up the whole of his past. Product Details About the Author. About the Author Gene Stratton-Porter was an American author, amateur naturalist, wildlife photographer, and one of the earliest women to form a movie studio and production company.
She wrote some best-selling novels and well-received columns in national magazines, such as McCalls. Her works were translated into several languages, including Braille, and Stratton-Porter was estimated to have 50 million readers around the world. She used her position and income as a well-known author to support conservation of Limberlost Swamp and other wetlands in the state of Indiana. Her novel A Girl of the Limberlost was adapted four times as a film, most recently in in a made-for-TV version.
Average Review. Write a Review. Related Searches. A Daughter of Land.
Katherine Bates, household slave, though daughter of a land king, sets out against odds to Katherine Bates, household slave, though daughter of a land king, sets out against odds to win what she wishes from life: home, children, and two hundred acres of land. Being a Bates she is headstrong and makes mistakes, but finally When fed only yellow pigments, males become a pale red color.
Their beak and feathers except for black face mask are yellow. Sightings are rare. During winter, both male and female will fluff up their down feathers in order to trap warm air next to their body and keeping cold air from reaching their body. The down feathers are small and hairlike at the base of each flight feather. The legs and feet of almost all birds are thin and lack feathers, and so are vulnerable to rapid heat loss.
Its also south through Mexico to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec , northern Guatemala , and northern Belize. An allopatric population is found on the Pacific slope of Mexico from Jalisco to Oaxaca ; note that this population is not shown on the range map. The species was introduced to Bermuda in It has also been introduced in Hawaii , southern California and southern Arizona.
Its natural habitat is in woodlands, gardens, shrublands, and wetlands. The northern cardinal is a territorial song bird. The male sings in a loud, clear whistle from the top of a tree or another high location to defend his territory.
He will chase off other males entering his territory. He may mistake his image on various reflective surfaces as an invading male, and will fight his reflection relentlessly. The northern cardinal learns its songs, and as a result the songs vary regionally. Mated pairs often travel together. Both sexes sing clear, whistled song patterns, which are repeated several times, then varied.
Some common phrases are described as "cheeeer-a-dote, cheeer-a-dote-dote-dote", "purdy, purdy, purdy This call often is given when predators approach the nest, in order to give warning to the female and nestlings. The frequency and volume of these notes increases as the threat becomes greater. The songs of the two sexes of the northern cardinal, although not distinguishable by the human ear, are sexually dimorphic.
It is suggested that this is because of the differences in levels of hormones of the two sexes. Northern cardinals are preyed upon by a wide variety of predators native to North America, including falcons , all Accipiter hawks, shrikes , bald eagles , golden eagles and several owls, including long-eared owls , and eastern screech owls. Predators of chicks and eggs include milk snakes , coluber constrictors , blue jays , eastern gray squirrels , fox squirrels , eastern chipmunks ,  and domestic cats.
It is a ground feeder and finds food while hopping on the ground through trees or shrubbery. It will also consume insects, including beetles, cicadas , grasshoppers , and snails ; it feeds its young almost exclusively on insects. Putting safflower seed in a feeder is a strong strategy for attracting them. Pairs mate for life , and stay together year-round. Mated pairs sometimes sing together before nesting.
During courtship they may also participate in a bonding behavior where the male collects food and brings it to the female, feeding her beak-to-beak. Males sometimes bring nest material to the female, who does most of the building. She crushes twigs with her beak until they are pliable, then turns in the nest to bend the twigs around her body and push them into a cup shape with her feet. The cup has four layers: coarse twigs and sometimes bits of trash covered in a leafy mat, then lined with grapevine bark and finally grasses, stems, rootlets, and pine needles. The nest typically takes three to nine days to build; the finished product is 5.
Cardinals do not usually use their nests more than once. The nest is made of thin twigs, bark strips, and grasses, lined with grasses or other plant fibers. The eggs are white, with a tint of green, blue or brown, and are marked with lavender, gray, or brown blotches which are thicker around the larger end.
Incubation takes 12 to 13 days. Two to three, and even four, broods are raised each year. The oldest wild cardinal banded by researchers lived at least 15 years and 9 months, although Juvenile male northern cardinal left at feeder with female house finch. The northern cardinal is found in residential areas throughout its range. Backyard birders attract it using feeders containing seeds, particularly sunflower seeds and safflower seeds. Although some controversy surrounds bird feeding , an increase in backyard feeding by humans has generally been beneficial to this species.
In the United States, the northern cardinal referred to as just "cardinal" is the mascot of numerous athletic teams; however, most teams portray the bird with a yellow beak and legs. In professional sports, it is the mascot of the St. Red cardinal is in the logo of Polish video game developer CD Projekt. The northern cardinal is the state bird of seven states, more than any other species: Illinois , Indiana , Kentucky , North Carolina , Ohio , Virginia , and West Virginia ; although in each case the particular state just refers to the bird as "cardinal".
It was also a candidate to become the state bird of Delaware , but lost to the Delaware Blue Hen. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the plant, see Erythrina herbacea. Conservation status. Linnaeus , Northern cardinal.
Fledgling at a box feeder. Version International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I.
Editio decima, reformata in Latin. Laurentii Salvii. Handbook of Birds of the Western United States.
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Northern Cardinal. Stackpole Books. Timber Press. Bangor Daily News. Archived from the original on World Bird List Version 9.
International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 26 June CRC Press. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. United States Geological Survey. Macmillan Publishers. Cornell University. Carotenoids In Health And Disease. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology.