Angels are servants; Jesus is the Sovereign Son. Jesus was called "the firstborn among many brethren" Rom. In deed, they are members of "the church of the first-born" Heb. Jesus is superior in position and dignity in the eyes of God because He is "the firstborn. When will He "again" appear? The context strongly favors the Second Coming of Christ. This bringing Him again is still future.
Later the writer of Hebrews will declare, "So Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him" Hebrews The emphasis is on angels worshipping Jesus. It is going to be a great day of majesty when all the angels in heaven bow to Jesus, and on the earth every human being bows before Him, and under the earth all demons, all creation worships Him.
Angels will worship Jesus when He returns as second time Matt. Jesus is so superior to the angels that all angels worship Him. All the other religions of the world say Jesus is not to be worshipped. However Jesus the Son of God is full of deity. He is God with us and we must worship Him alone. God is the speaker in verses seven and eight. The angels were created by the eternal second person of the Godhead. Psalm refers to the Lord God as creator and sustainer of all things, including angels. Winds and flaming fire symbolize the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament.
The Son is the creator and sustainer of the universe. That God "makes" implies they are creatures and He could reduce angels to the elemental forces of wind and fire, where as the person and authority of the Son of God are above all change and decay. The angels are God's messengers clothed with His power to accomplish His will. They execute His commands with the speed of the wind and the cleansing of fire. They are servants who serve the Son! The angels are described as God's "messengers, flaming fire" emphasizing their spiritual nature, invisibility, power and servants.
It lies not so much in their nature, as in their work and service.
Their readiness and ability to serve the providence of God is their glory," writes John Owen. In contrast to angels, the Messiah can be addressed not merely as God's Son in verse five, but actually as God. He is both the Messiah and the out shinning radiance of God's glory and the very image of His substance. It is referring to Jesus! Only the Son of David, Jesus Christ, fulfilled the words of this psalm. This is a great Messianic Psalm describing the final triumph of the Son who is greater than all of David's descendents.
The anointing referred to here probably took place after Jesus' ascension to heaven. God addresses His Son at His enthronement in heaven. The Messiah is God, yet God anointed Him. The Son is clearly addressed as God because He is God. It is "forever and ever.
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The angel Gabriel said to Mary the mother of Jesus before Jesus' conception: "He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end" Luke The "throne" belongs to Jesus alone. The character of His reign as sovereign is described as "righteous" euthute. This is opposite of crooked. A crooked scepter was an emblem of an unjust government. Christ's scepter is upright because He is always just and right.
Every aspect of Christ's rule is based on righteousness. The laws of His kingdom are righteous, holy, and just. They proceed from His love to righteousness, and His hatred of iniquity. The hatred miseo is a strong hatred, to persecute in hatred, to detest, abhor lawlessness. The Old Testament declared the righteous king who would rule in righteousness. It is fulfilled in the coming of Jesus the righteous king: "And they sang the song of Moses, the bond-servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, 'Great and marvelous are Your works, O Lord God, the Almighty; Righteous and true are Your ways, King of the nations!
Westcott observed, "The Son in His work on earth fulfilled the ideal of righteousness; and the writer of the Epistle looks back upon that completed work now seen in its glorious issue. Jesus told His disciples, "But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you. Angels serve; the Son rules on His eternal immutable throne of righteousness. The Son is addressed as both God and as Lord.
The Son exercises royal sovereign power, but the angels are mere ministers.
He is the Anointed of Yahweh from eternity to eternity. The author has demonstrated that the Son's superiority to the angels is based on His divine nature. Just as Philippians has the great declaration of the glorious exaltation of the Suffering Savior after His extreme humiliation, our author declares the outpouring of blessing and glory which took place after the humiliation.
Christ reigns in total power and dominion. The Jewish metaphor of anointing guests at a feast is used here of the joy which the Father blessed His Son in His evidence of divine justice. The "oil" is symbol of gladness. It was time to celebrate. Let us sing; let us celebrate! We are the "companions" metochos of Christ who have an intimate relationship with Him Heb. For both He who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one Father; for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren" Hebrews As joint heirs with Christ we share in His gladness Rom.
The Son is God in the fullest sense of the word. Let us bow and worship Him. He is God! That is what the angels do. Perhaps with the exception of the Gospel of John, the deity of Jesus Christ is more powerfully declared in Hebrews than in any other New Testament writing. But You are the same, And Your years will not come to an end'" Hebrews The author has already been speaking clearly of the deity of the Son in vv. Now he presses his point by quoting Psalm which also refers to immutability of the Messiah who is the creator.
The author of Hebrews applies this great messianic song to Christ, the eternal Son of God. The unchangeableness of God is applied to the Son. The speaker in this Psalm is God, and the Son is addressed here as "Lord. The Son is the Creator. What was said of Yahweh is now applied to Christ who is the creator and sustainer of the universe Col. Hebrews tells us God made the world through the Son. Everything that can be said about God as creator can be said about the Son as creator of the universe. Jesus Christ is the Creator of the universe. He is God.
Just as Philippians has the great declaration of the glorious exaltation of the Suffering Savior after His extreme humiliation, our author declares the outpouring of blessing and glory which took place after the humiliation. The Son's eternal abiding character and nature is stressed. You spirit of rebellion, drugs, alcohol whatever it is , I break your power over my child, my spouse, my family. It may be best not to refer to a moment in time or circumstance, but to understand it to mean an eternal relationship. He gave commands, and his soldiers obeyed. Jesus is the Son of God; He is not an angel. Let us sing; let us celebrate!
Therefore, the Son is superior to His creation including the angels. While the angels were spectators at creation cf. Job they were subject to Him. The Messiah is the one who will bring the universe to its grand consummation Isa. The creation will pass away, "perish" apollumi , with the idea of change, yet the Son will remain. He will be unchanged. The Son is eternal. The heavens and earth will grow old and wear out and become useless just like an old garment. We know from other passages of Scripture they will give way to the new heavens and the new earth.
They will change like an old garment, "but You are the same, and Your years will not come to an end. Everything on earth is going to burn up as we know it, however the Son will have an unending rule throughout eternally 2 Peter ; Rev. The Son's eternal abiding character and nature is stressed. Jesus Christ as the Son of God is the foundational idea in Hebrews. All of the other teaching in Hebrews, including the High Priesthood, rests on this truth. Jesus has always been the pre-existent Son, who became the incarnate Son at His physical birth and is now the exalted Son of God in heaven.
These verses speak of "His eternal and absolutely immutable existence," writes John Owen. Jesus is the sovereign; angels are servants. Are they not all ministering spirits, sent out to render service for the sake of those who will inherit salvation? The final quotation is Psalm which speaks of the Messiah exalted to the Father's side and ruling over all enemies. Jesus quoted it in Matthew Peter quoted it in his Pentecost sermon in Acts It is the most quoted and alluded to in the New Testament as referring to Jesus the Messiah.
Synagogues in the first century A. The author turns his thoughts to Christ sitting at the right hand of God the Father. It is a picture of the exaltation of Christ unto His glorious administration of the kingdom. The kingdom and rule of Christ is everlasting, permanent and immovable.
The Scriptures speak of two aspects of the kingdom. There is the sense in which it is in the realm of the heart of every believer. He rules in "the internal spiritual power and efficacy of it in the hearts of His subjects," says Owen. There is also the outward aspect with glorious administration of it in the world. Obviously, no angel was ever told to "sit at My right hand. In verse three the Son "sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high. He continues His heavenly session. God the Father is speaking and the Person spoken to is the Son--the Lord.
Christ reigns over all in the kingdom that the Father gave to Him. The picture is complete supremacy of Christ over all His foes. The Messiah King will reign over the messianic kingdom and all enemies of God will surrender to Him. Angels never have this kind of authority.
They are not sovereigns ruling the kingdom of God. They are servants, not sovereigns. What do angels do? They are ministering spirits sent out to serve and worship. They worship the Son, and they minister to "those who will inherit salvation. God sends them out to help us to serve Him. They have no ruling power; they render service to God. They are "sent out to render service" denoting continuous action. They have been commissioned by the Master to do His bidding.
They "serve" diakonia minister in spiritual things. Jesus the Son is sitting on the throne as eternal Kin; the angels are sent out as servants. There is only one King, but there are many angels who serve Him. We are those who have inherited kleronomeo salvation. It is a promise that we will come into the full possession of salvation by an absolute gift.
It is all of grace; we did not merit it. The word "salvation" soteria occurs seven time in the book of Hebrews which is more than in any other book in the New Testament. It is salvation in the fullest sense. We have been delivered from sin and have entered into permanent relationship with God effected by Jesus Christ.
He paid the price in full and purchased our salvation. Even thought our salvation awaits a full realization in the future, we enjoy the blessedness of it today. Jesus Christ is much better than the angels because He is the fulfillment of the promised messianic son of David Heb.
Jesus is much better than the angels because He is the sovereign whom angels worship Heb. Jesus Christ is much better than the angels because His ministry is eternal Heb. Jesus Christ is much better than the angels because He is the eternal sovereign ruler Heb. Jesus Christ is much better than the angels because He is the immutable creator of all things including angels Heb.
Contemporary English Version He had become much greater than the angels, and the name he was given is far greater than any of theirs. Good News Translation The Son was made greater than the angels, just as the name that God gave him is greater than theirs. Holman Christian Standard Bible So He became higher in rank than the angels, just as the name He inherited is superior to theirs. International Standard Version and became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is better than theirs. NET Bible Thus he became so far better than the angels as he has inherited a name superior to theirs.
New Heart English Bible having become so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they have. New American Standard having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited a more excellent name than they. Jubilee Bible being made so much better than the angels, as he has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. King James Bible Being made so much better than the angels, as he has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
American King James Version Being made so much better than the angels, as he has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. American Standard Version having become by so much better than the angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they. Douay-Rheims Bible Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they. Darby Bible Translation taking a place by so much better than the angels, as he inherits a name more excellent than they.
English Revised Version having become by so much better than the angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they. Webster's Bible Translation Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. Weymouth New Testament having become as far superior to the angels as the Name He possesses by inheritance is more excellent than theirs.
World English Bible having become so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they have. Young's Literal Translation having become so much better than the messengers, as he did inherit a more excellent name than they. Ephesians far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come.