Ethical Questions: East and West (Philosophy and the Global Context)

ISBN 13: 9780742513129
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Competing Answers Within these pages, author Donald MacKay allows us a glimpse into that moment in our heritage when men entered the virgin forest to carve out an industry from the seemingly endless array of pine, spruce, maple and balsam fir found there. His prose is clean. He lets the surviving pioneers talk for themselves when they have something to say, but never allows them to get too windy.

He separates legends and half-truths from facts Such books may do more to help us understand ourselves than all the academic tomes together. Additional Product Features Dewey Edition. Two Accounts of the Spanish Encounter with the Aztecs, John Smith, Narrative of Early Virginia, - Muscovy's Conquests in Asia, Seventeenth Century. Edict Closing Japan, Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano. The Instrument of Government, The English Bill of Rights, Thomas Paine, Common Sense, The Declaration of Independence in Congress, July 4, The Constitution of the United States, Grievances of the Third Estate, Declarations of Rights and Preamble to French Constitution.

Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, Levee en Masse and Law of Suspects, Maximilien Robespierre, On Revolutionary Government, Ito Hirobumi, Constitutional Government in Japan. It is a pity that the constraints of Western monologic academic culture did not allow the publication this original dialogical essay.

According to Nakada and Tamura, Japanese people live in a three-fold world, namely Shakai or the world influenced by Western values, Seken or the traditional and indigenous worldview, and Ikai which is a world from evils, disasters and crime seem to emerge. On the basis of the analysis of the way an homicide was portrayed in the quality newspaper Asahi Shimbum, Nakada and Tamura show the ambiguities of the concept of privacy in modern Japan. Living in three worlds creates a kind of discontinuous identity that is very different from Western metaphysical dichotomies as I show in my contribution to this inter-cultural dialogue Capurro a.

It follows from this that for Japanese people private things are less worthy than public ones.

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Bina Gupta's new book of readings, Ethical Questions: East and West, is a welcome addition to the literature in comparative philosophy. Professor Gupta breaks. Editorial Reviews. Review. Bina Gupta's new book of readings, Ethical Questions : East and West, is a welcome addition to the literature in comparative.

But our modern dichotomy between the public and the private sphere offers only loosely parallels to the Japanese distinction between Ohyake public and Watakusi private. In other words, there are two axes and they are intermixed. This is, I believe, another outstanding example of cultural hybridization that gives rise to a complex inter-cultural ethical analysis.

Our being-in-the-networked-world is not based on the principle of autonomy but also on the principle of solidarity. As an example I present the discussion of data privacy in Germany since that lead to the principle of informational privacy. Without becoming Easternized, we now speak of privacy in reference to communities, not just to isolated subjects. Behind a conceptual analysis there is the history of societies with its correspondent cognitive-emotional perceptions of the world, i.

Intellectual Property. Dan Burk examines the question of intellectual property from the perspective of utilitarian and deontological traditions in the United States and Europe in contrast to some non-Western approaches Burk The industries supporting copyright usually make the case for public benefit arising from the incentives offered by such constraints.

According to Burk, two similar models of privacy regulation have emerged. In China, the Confucian tradition largely denied the value of novel creative contribution by instead promoting the respect for the classical work that should be emulated. Under this perspective, copying becomes a cardinal virtue.

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For New Zealand Maori, creative works belong to the tribe or group, not to a single author. Similarly, among some sub-Saharan communities as well as in the case of many Native American tribes the control of cultural property may be restricted to certain families. In line with arguments by Lawrence Lessig, Wolfgang Coy explores the question of sharing intellectual properties in global communities from a historical point of view.

Through there is a growing interest in commercially useful intellectual artifacts, there are still vast unregulated areas, for instance, native cultural practices, including regional cooking, natural healing, and use of herbal remedies Coy Free networks are guided by the idea of the commons and the principle of sharing and participating in contrast to a closed conception of location as the negation of freedom. According to Introna the boundary between the insiders and the outsiders must continually remain unsettled.

Philosophy And The Global Context Series

But virtuality may also function to confirm them Introna Frances Grodzinsky and Herman Tavani examine some pros and cons of online communities particularly with regard to the digital divide and its effects at the local level, i. He argues that the emergence of new forms of informational empowerment do not function independently from the informational practices that make them possible and, thus, need to be understood less as an absolute gain of freedom and more as the way freedom and power are continually produced and reproduced as processes of governmentality.

He analyzes the significance of these tools in connection with significant changes in retirement and pension programs in the United States and other Western countries. Britta Schinzel criticises common attitudes within the computer professions and the working cultures in which they develop. Alternative perspectives for responsible technological action may be derived from feminist situational, welfare-based- close-range ethics or micro-ethics Schinzel The author draws insights from Western as well as from East Asian classical philosophy.

Theptawee Chokvasin shows how the condition of self-government arising from hi-tech mobilization affects Thai culture Chokvasin Buddhism encourages us to detach ourselves from our selves, the self having no existence of its own. Autonomy means to adjust oneself to the right course of living.

According to Chokvasin this Buddhist concept of autonomy can only be conceived by those who know the Buddhist teachings dhamma. There is a kind of freedom in the Buddhist concept of autonomy that is related to impermanence Anitya , suffering Duhkha and not-self Anatta. Not clinging to our individual selves is the condition of possibility for moral behavior, i. Richard Spinello argues that all regulators, but especially those in developing countries, should refrain from imposing any regulations on IP telephony intended to protect a state-sponsored telecomm and its legacy systems Spinello In their analysis of cross-cultural ethical issues of the current and future state of ICT deployment and utilization in healthcare, Bernd Stahl, Simon Rogerson and Amin Kashmeery argue that the ethical implications of such applications are multifaceted and have diverse degrees of sensitivity from culture to culture Stahl, Rogerson, Kashmeery For the purpose of this study, culture is being defined as the totality of shared meanings and interpretations.


This means that cultures contain an idea of how things should be and how its members are expected to behave. The authors see a close link between culture and technology starting with agricultural cultures and, nowadays, with the importance of ICT for our culture s. Applications of ICT in healthcare raise not only a policy but also an ethics vacuum that becomes manifest in the debate on values-based practice VBP vs. The authors analyze cases of Western and non-Western cultures in order to show the complexity of the issues they deal with.

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British culture is an example of Western liberalism, utilitarianism, and modernism that is fundamentally appreciative of new technologies. This modernist view overlooks the pitfalls of healthcare as a complex system with conflicting actors and interests.

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Evil Providence Foreknowledge and Free Will. An even stronger form of pluralism does not search identity but only some kind of coherence or, as Ess suggests, complementarity between two irreducible different entities. Sontag, Susan Pimienta, Daniel Given the fact that Thai culture is part of religion, the author concludes that religion is the only antidote to the present ethical challenges. Accordingly, it is ubuntu which constitutes the core meaning of the aphorism. The authors analyze cases of Western and non-Western cultures in order to show the complexity of the issues they deal with.

The authors present six scenarios in order to give an idea of such ethical conflicts when dealing with ICT in health care. According to Kvasny, the increased physical access to ICT does not signal the closure of the digital divide in the US. We produce discourses that discount their values and cultures and show them why they need to catch up. In other words, she refuses the instrumental depiction of the digital divide Himma IIE is an emerging discipline. The present debate shows a variety of foundational perspectives as well as a preference for the narrow view that focuses IIE on ICT.

Consequently comparative studies with other media and epochs are mostly not being considered so far. Asia and the Pacific is represented by Japan, China and Thailand. Latin America and Africa are still underrepresented. I plea for the enlargement of the historical scope of our field beyond the limited horizon of the present digital infospheres even if such a view is not an easy task for research. IIE is in this regard no less complex than, say, comparative literature. The present debate emphazises the question of privacy but other issues such as online communities, governmentality, gender issues, mobile phones, health care, and, last but not least, the digital divide are on the agenda.

New issues such as blogs and wikis are arising within what is being called Web 2. We have to deepen the foundational debate on the sources of morality from a IIE perspective.

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IIE has a critical task to achieve when it compares information moralities. This concerns the ontological or structural as well as the ontic or empirical levels of analysis. One important issue in this regard is the question of the universality of values vs. African Information Ethics Conference International Review of Information Ethics, 7.

Baier, Karl Welterschliessung durch Grundstimmungen als Problem interkultureller Phaenomenologie. Daseinsanalyse 22 , Bhattarakosol, Pattarasinee Hershey, Pennsylvania: Idea Group, Britz, Johannes Ethical aspects in intercultural perspective. Munich: Fink, Burk, Dan L. Bynum, Terrell Ward Flourishing Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology, 8: Capurro, Rafael Intercultural Information Ethics. Capurro, Rafael a. Information Ethics for and from Africa. In International Review of Information Ethics, 7 in prep. Towards an Ontological Foundation of Information.

Ethik der Informationsgesellschaft. Ein interkultureller Versuch. Between Trust and Anxiety: on the moods of Information Society. In Richard Keeble ed. Leicester: Troubadour Publishing Ltd. An intercultural perspective. In Ethics and Information Technology 7: Localizing the Internet. Munich: Fink. Fruit, Water, and Philosophy. Intercultural Perspectives on the Web. Chokvasin, Theptawee Coy, Wolfgang Damasio, Antonio Putnam Publishing. Dreyfus, Hubert L.

The MIT Press. Eldred, Michael Elichirigoity, Fernando Ess, Charles Can the Local Reshape the Global? Ethical pluralism and global informaion ethics. In Ethics and Information Technology Hiruta, Kei What pluralism, why pluralism, and how? A response to Charles Ess.

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Ethics and Information Technology 8: Finquelievich, Susana Information ethics: Agents, artefacts and new cultural perspectives. Floridi, Luciano Information technologies and the tragedy of the Good Will. Foucault, Michel Discourse and Truth: the Problematization of Parrhesia. University of California at Berkeley, October-November Froehlich, Thomas A brief history of information ethics.

Frohmann, Bernd Foucault, Deleuze, and the Ethics of Digital Networks. Gendlin, Eugene T. Befindlichkeit: [1] Heidegger and the Philosophy of Psychology. XVI, Nos. Grodzinsky, Frances S. Hausmanninger, Thomas Allowing for Difference. Heidegger, Martin We found something similar. About this product. Stock photo. Brand new: lowest price The lowest-priced brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item in its original packaging where packaging is applicable. The book should be useful for courses in philosophy, religion and the humanities.

See details. Buy It Now. Add to cart. Be the first to write a review About this product. About this product Product Information Philosophical Questions: East and West is an anthology of source material for use in comparative courses in philosophy, religion, and the humanities. The readings derived from the great works of the Indian, Chinese, Japanese, Islamic, and Western intellectual traditions are presented as answers to some of the most enduring questions in philosophy. Discussions are arranged under the headings of epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of religion, aesthetics, and the nature of human being.