Feeding small amounts of liver daily or every other day is preferable to feeding larger amounts less often.
Eggs: Highly nutritious addition to any diet. Dogs weighing about 20 pounds can have a whole egg every day, but give less to smaller dogs. Cottage and ricotta cheese are also good options. Limit other forms of cheese, as most are high in fat. Fruits and Vegetables: While not a significant part of the evolutionary diet of the dog and wolf, fruits and vegetables provide fiber that supports digestive health, as well as antioxidants and other beneficial nutrients that contribute to health and longevity.
Deeply colored vegetables and fruits are the most nutritious. Starchy Vegetables: Veggies such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, and winter squashes including pumpkin , as well as legumes beans , provide carbohydrate calories that can be helpful in reducing food costs and keeping weight on skinny and very active dogs.
Quantities should be limited for overweight dogs. Starchy foods must be cooked in order to be digestible. Too much can cause gas, and raw, cruciferous veggies such as broccoli and cauliflower can suppress thyroid function cook them if you feed large amounts. Raw vegetables must be pureed in a food processor, blender, or juicer in order to be digested properly by dogs, though whole raw veggies are not harmful and can be used as treats. Fruits: Bananas, apples, berries, melon, and papaya are good choices. Avoid grapes and raisins, which can cause kidney failure in dogs.
Some grains contain gluten that may cause digestive problems for certain dogs. Many dogs do fine with grains, however, and they can be used to reduce the overall cost of feeding a homemade diet. Grains and starchy veggies should make up no more than half the diet. Good choices include oatmeal, brown rice, quinoa, barley, and pasta. All grains must be well cooked. Some supplements are required in addition to natural food for dogs.
Others may be needed if you are not able to feed a variety of foods, or if you leave out one or more of the food groups above. In addition, the longer food is cooked or frozen, the more nutrients are lost. Here are some supplements to consider:. Unless you feed RMBs, all homemade diets must be supplemented with calcium.
The amount found in multivitamin and mineral supplements is not enough. Give to 1, mg calcium per pound of food excluding non-starchy vegetables. And here is a good list of calcium-rich foods your dog may like. Just please note this list is for humans and includes orange juice, which is not a good thing to give your dog as the acidity can cause stomach upset. Most homemade diets require added oils for fat, calories, and to supply particular nutrients. Note that liquid fish oil supplements often tell you to give much more than this, which can result in too many calories from fat.
You can use walnut, hempseed, corn, vegetable soybean , or high-linoleic safflower oil to supply linoleic acid if needed. Add about one teaspoon of oil per pound of meat and other animal products, or twice that amount if using canola or sunflower oil. Olive oil and high-oleic safflower oil are low in omega-6 and cannot be used as a substitute, although small amounts can be added to supply fat if needed.
Coconut oil provides mostly saturated fats, and can be used in addition to but not as a replacement for other oils. The more limited the diet that you feed, the more important supplements become, but even highly varied diets are likely to be light in a few areas. Too much vitamin E, however, may be counterproductive. Give 1 to 2 IUs per pound of body weight daily. A pound dog needs about mcg micrograms of iodine daily.
Kelp is high in iodine, though the amount varies considerably among supplements. If using the one-a-day type of human supplements, such as Centrum for Adults under 50, give one per 40 to 50 pounds of body weight daily.
In those cases, the dosage is usually too high for the small dogs and should be reduced. Products made for humans are also inappropriate for small dogs. Note most pre-mixes also supply calcium, so you should reduce or eliminate calcium supplements, depending on how much of the pre-mix you use.
Mary Straus is the owner of DogAware. Contact her via her website if you would like to submit a diet to be critiqued. You lost me at 3: lean meats and skinless poultry. Dogs, like humans, need fats and the paleo and keto diets have proven fat does not make you fat. Carbs do. My article does not mention skinless poultry. I was always told never to give a cat an egg because afterwards all it would think about was eggs.
I did that a lot for my last dog, a ridgeback-staffy cross, who was too dignified to go wild for a biscuit. Topics Food Food trends. Pets Dogs features. Reuse this content. Order by newest oldest recommendations. Show 25 25 50 All. Threads collapsed expanded unthreaded. Other owners need to cook for their dogs because of a health-related issue.
Whatever the reason, you can prepare your dog's food easily.
When it comes to making home cooked meals for dogs, many people think their pets should eat only protein. This is incorrect. Dogs, like humans, require a variety of meat, starches and vegetables to meet their basic nutritional requirements.
If dogs eat only protein, they will lack important vitamins, and this can lead to deficiencies and even thyroid problems. If they do not receive enough protein, they may suffer from poor immune function, muscle deterioration and blood disorders.
Disclosure: After using the line of Dr. March 19, am. The Skinny Ms. As mentioned by others, ground egg shells are a scource of calcium. My little pup has a tender tummy, and gets stressed easily.
So, a balanced diet is essential. Many vets recommend a ratio of 40 percent protein, 50 percent vegetables and 10 percent starch. Each of the food categories has a wide variety of ingredients from which to choose. The most important aspect is that the ingredients be fresh and contain no additives. People normally think of dogs as eating beef, but there are many other possibilities to fulfill the protein requirements. Any good muscle or organ protein is good. Use liver moderately because the liver in an animal may retain impurities.
You can use these protein sources based on cost and availability:. Dogs can eat a wide range of vegetables.
However, some should be avoided. Safe vegetables include:. Carbohydrates contain important vitamins for dogs. They also provide fiber for a healthy digestion.