The interaction between Spaniards and natives gave rise to artistic styles such as the so-called tequitqui from Nahuatl : worker. Years later the baroque and mannerism were imposed in large cathedrals and civil buildings, while rural areas are built haciendas or stately farms with Mozarabic tendencies. Romanticists from a past seen through archeology show images of medieval Europe, Islamic and pre-Hispanic Mexico in the form of architectural elements in the construction of international exhibition pavilions looking for an identity typical of the national culture.
The art nouveau , and the art deco were styles introduced into the design of the Palacio de Bellas Artes to mark the identity of the Mexican nation with Greek-Roman and pre-Hispanic symbols. The emergence of the new Mexican architecture was born as a formal order of the policies of a nationalist state that sought modernity and the differentiation of other nations.
Juan O'Gorman was one of the first environmental architects in Mexico, developing the "organic" theory, trying to integrate the building with the landscape within the same approaches of Frank Lloyd Wright. The Jalisco School was a proposal of those socio-political movements that the country demanded.
Mexican architecture is a cultural phenomenon born of the ideology of nationalist governments of the 20th century, which was shaping the identity image by its colorful and variegated ornamental elements inherited from ancestral cultures, classical and monumental forms and, subsequently, the incorporation of modernism and cutting-edge international trends. In ethnic and cultural terms, Lo mexicano corresponds only to everything that is referred to the Aztec culture; therefore, ethnically Mexicans are those who are also known as Nahuas and whose language is Nahuatl.
In legal terms and in accordance with the Constitution , a Mexican is a citizen born within the territory of the United Mexican States or whoever has decided adopt the Mexican citizenship. The Mexican could be what characterizes the being of Mexico and its people; however, it is an ethnic concept that only defines the mestizo identity that had been related for a long time and that is limited with respect to the ethnic diversity of the country.
It is an intellectual construction product of the approaches of specialists to the cultural reality of the country. In trying to capture in a single figure the multicultural reality of Mexico, the result of the intellectual analysis has produced a series of stereotypes and truisms about what it is to be a Mexican. This discourse about The Mexican has been used in the political field to legitimize power, and at the same time it is imposed on the population of the country as a fact beyond all doubt.
The intellectual construction of the mestizo is in dialogue with the triumph of revolutionary nationalism, which was born after the Mexican Revolution. Mexican literature has its antecedents in the literatures of the indigenous settlements of Mesoamerica. The most well known prehispanic poet is Nezahualcoyotl. Modern Mexican literature was influenced by the concepts of the Spanish colonialization of Mesoamerica. Diego Rivera, the most well-known figure of Mexican muralism, painted the Man at the Crossroads at the Rockefeller Center in New York City, a huge mural that was destroyed the next year because of the inclusion of a portrait of Russian communist leader Lenin.
Mesoamerican architecture is mostly noted for its pyramids which are the largest such structures outside of Ancient Egypt. Spanish Colonial architecture is marked by the contrast between the simple, solid construction demanded by the new environment and the Baroque ornamentation exported from Spain. Mexico, as the center of New Spain has some of the most renowned buildings built in this style.
Mexican films from the Golden Age in the s and s are the greatest examples of Latin American cinema, with a huge industry comparable to the Hollywood of those years. Mexican films were exported and exhibited in all of Latin America and Europe. Some Mexican actors have achieved recognition as Hollywood stars. There are three major television companies in Mexico that own the primary networks and broadcast covering all nation, Televisa , TV Azteca and Imagen Television.
Televisa is also the largest producer of Spanish-language content in the world and also the world's largest Spanish-language media network. Grupo Multimedios is another media conglomerate with Spanish-language broadcasting in Mexico, Spain, and the United States. Mexican society enjoys a vast array of music genres, showing the diversity of Mexican culture. Mexico has the largest media industry in Latin America, producing Mexican artists who are famous in Central and South America and parts of Europe, especially Spain. In , Mexico presented the candidature of its gastronomy for World Heritage Site of UNESCO, being the first occasion in which a country had presented its gastronomic tradition for this purpose.
The origin of the current Mexican cuisine is established during the Spanish colonization, being a mixture of the foods of Spain with native indigenous ingredients. Other Indigenous products are many beans. Similarly, some cooking techniques used today are inherited from pre-Hispanic peoples, such as the nixtamalization of corn, the cooking of food in ovens at ground level, grinding in molcajete and metate. With the Spaniards came the pork, beef and chicken meats; peppercorn , sugar, milk and all its derivatives, wheat and rice, citrus fruits and another constellation of ingredients that are part of the daily diet of Mexicans.
From this meeting of millennia old two culinary traditions, were born pozole , mole sauce , barbacoa and tamale is in its current forms, the chocolate , a large range of breads , tacos , and the broad repertoire of Mexican street foods. Mexico's most popular sport is association football. It is commonly believed that football was introduced in Mexico by Cornish miners at the end of the 19th century. By a five-team league had emerged with a strong British influence.
The Mexican professional baseball league is named the Liga Mexicana de Beisbol. While usually not as strong as the United States, the Caribbean countries and Japan, Mexico has nonetheless achieved several international baseball titles. Mexico has had several players signed by Major League teams, the most famous of them being Dodgers pitcher Fernando Valenzuela. In , Mexico's basketball team won the Americas Basketball Championship and qualified for the Basketball World Cup where it reached the playoffs.
Bullfighting is a popular sport in the country, and almost all large cities have bullrings. Mexico is an international power in professional boxing. It depicts a Mexican golden eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus devouring a rattlesnake. Since the early s, Mexico entered a transitional stage in the health of its population and some indicators such as mortality patterns are identical to those found in highly developed countries like Germany or Japan.
Medical training is done mostly at public universities with much specializations done in vocational or internship settings. Some public universities in Mexico, such as the University of Guadalajara , have signed agreements with the U. Health care costs in private institutions and prescription drugs in Mexico are on average lower than that of its North American economic partners.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the federal republic in North America.
For other uses, see Mexico disambiguation. Country in the southern portion of North America. Coat of arms.
None at federal level [b]. Main article: Name of Mexico. Main article: History of Mexico. Main articles: Pre-Columbian Mexico and Mesoamerican chronology. Further information: Spanish conquest of Mexico. Main article: New Spain. Main article: Mexican War of Independence. Further information: Mexican Revolution. Further information: Institutional Revolutionary Party.
Main article: Geography of Mexico. Main article: Climate of Mexico. A jaguar at the Chapultepec Zoo. The zoo is known for its success in breeding programs of threatened species. Main article: Federal government of Mexico. Main article: Politics of Mexico. Main article: Law enforcement in Mexico. Main article: Foreign relations of Mexico. Main article: Mexican Armed Forces. Gulf of Mexico. Mexico City. Baja California. Baja California Sur. Quintana Roo. Main article: Economy of Mexico. See also: Economic history of Mexico. Main article: Telecommunications in Mexico. See also: Electricity sector in Mexico.
The Isthmus of Tehuantepec is the region of Mexico with the highest capacity for wind energy. Main article: History of science and technology in Mexico. Main article: Tourism in Mexico.
Main article: Transportation in Mexico. Main article: Water supply and sanitation in Mexico. Main article: Demographics of Mexico. Main article: Emigration from Mexico. Main article: Languages of Mexico. Main articles: Metropolitan areas of Mexico and List of cities in Mexico. See also: Religion in Mexico. Religion in Mexico census  Roman Catholicism. Further information: Women in Mexico. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Culture of Mexico. Main article: Mexican art. Many codices made both during Pre-hispanic Mexico and in the Spanish colony are preserved. The art of the Colonial Mexico center of New Spain developed a large number of painters born in Mexico.
Now these works are preserved in museums in many cities of Mexico. Mexican Muralism. A cultural expression starting in the s created by a group of intellectual Mexican painters after the Mexican Revolution , reinforced by the Great Depression and the First World War. Main article: Sculpture in Mexico. Main article: Architecture of Mexico. Zacatecas Cathedral. Main articles: Mexican literature and Mesoamerican literature.
See also: Mexican art. Main article: Cinema of Mexico. Further information: Mexican television and List of newspapers in Mexico. Main article: Music of Mexico. Main article: Mexican cuisine. See also: Mexican wine. The first chocolate version liquid was made by indigenous people in present-day Mexico, and was exported from Mexico to Europe after the Spanish conquest. Mole sauce , which has dozens of varieties across the Republic, is seen as a symbol of Mexicanidad  and is considered Mexico's national dish.
Main article: Sport in Mexico. Main article: Coat of arms of Mexico. Main article: Healthcare in Mexico. Main article: Education in Mexico. Mexico portal. Retrieved March 4, Archived from the original PDF on May 11, Retrieved August 14, Oxford University Press. Retrieved April 3, International Monetary Fund. Retrieved May 12, August 30, Retrieved February 25, Retrieved September 14, Retrieved November 7, Retrieved July 18, December 3, Archived from the original on December 2, Retrieved July 17, Presidency of Mexico. March 31, Archived from the original on March 26, Retrieved March 26, The World Factbook.
Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on January 8, Retrieved November 25, The Washington Post. January 5, Vincent The American Political Science Review. The Conversation. September 1, World Policy Journal. November 29, The New York Times. July 4, July 2, Law and Business Review of the Americas. US Department of State.
June 25, Congressional Research Service. November 4, World Bank. Archived from the original on March 18, Retrieved March 5, Globalization and the Transformation of Foreign Economic Policy. Ashgate Publishing. The Limits of Convergence. Princeton University Press. Geography, An Integrated Approach 3rd ed. Nelson Thornes. Gregory Mankiw Principles of Economics 4th ed. The University of Manchester. Retrieved April 11, British International Studies Association.
Archived from the original PDF on November 30, Retrieved May 7, Archived from the original on April 24, June 5, Archived from the original on August 16, Retrieved May 30, Retrieved May 25, Retrieved January 8, Native American Placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. Handbook to Life in the Aztec World. Facts of Life. Government of the State of Mexico.
Archived from the original on April 27, Retrieved October 3, Archived from the original on November 1, Retrieved November 4, Archived from the original on July 23, Werner January Concise Encyclopedia of Mexico. Webster MacLachlan April 13, Imperialism and the Origins of Mexican Culture. Harvard University Press.
New Jersey: Prentice Hall. London: Thames and Hudson. Annual Review of Anthropology. Mexico: from the Olmecs to the Aztecs 5th edition, revised and enlarged ed. Natural History. Retrieved December 16, Mexico and the Spanish Conquest 2nd ed. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. Smallpox in the New World. Marshall Cavendish. BBC News History. Retrieved December 30, University of California Press. National Geographic. The power of plagues. American Society for Microbiology.
Antiviral drug discovery for emerging diseases and bioterrorism threats. Rotting face: smallpox and the American Indian. Caxton Press.
Yale University Press. Retrieved October 8, Class and Race Formation in North America.
University of Toronto Press. Retrieved December 13, Retrieved February 9, The Diplomat. Retrieved February 7, Mexico City, the authors [Peter Gordon, Juan Jose Morales] note, was the 'first world city,' the precursor to London, New York, and Hong Kong, where 'Asia, Europe, and the Americas all met, and where people intermingled and exchanged everything from genes to textiles'.
Retrieved September 30, Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved September 12, A History of the Global Economy. From to the Present. Cambridge University Press. Spring University of Denver Water Law Review Robins; Adam Jones Indiana University Press. Stanford University Press. Avalon Travel. Public Broadcasting Service. November 20, University of Minnesota Population Center. World History from Archived from the original on April 3, Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on January 10, Retrieved October 7, Massacre in Mexico Original "La noche de Tlatelolco".
Viking, New York. BBC News. Rienner Publishers. Mexico's Democracy at Work. Lynne Reinner Publishers. Photius Coutsoukis. Archived from the original PDF on July 3, Retrieved February 17, El Universal in Spanish. Retrieved August 25, Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 15, Geopolitics of oil and natural gas.
Department of State. Mexico and the Law of the Sea: Contributions and Compromises. October 16, June 6, Retrieved July 12, International Business Times. CBC News. Retrieved September 8, El Economista in Spanish.
Retrieved February 5, Archived from the original on October 7, March 4, Retrieved August 8, Duke University. Retrieved January 27, Political Constitution of the United Mexican States. Congress of the Union of the United Mexican States. Archived from the original on November 13, August 15, Archived from the original PDF on October 25, July 14, Archived from the original on July 14, December 17, Archived from the original on December 17, Archived from the original PDF on January 16, Archived from the original on November 25, Retrieved May 9, January 1, May 1, Archived from the original on May 1, Britannica Online Encyclopedia.
Retrieved March 6, The Economist. February 14, Archived from the original on October 3, July 17, The Guardian. June 23, The Washington Times. March 3, Retrieved March 9, Fox News. February 1, Retrieved January 9, El Universal. Archived from the original on October 30, PEN American Center. El Mundo Spain. November 21, Chamber of Deputies. Archived from the original PDF on August 25, Violent crime, such as murder, armed robbery, carjacking, kidnapping, extortion, and sexual assault, is common.
Gang activity, including gun battles and blockades, is widespread. Armed criminal groups target public and private passenger buses as well as private automobiles traveling through Tamaulipas, often taking passengers hostage and demanding ransom payments. Federal and state security forces have limited capability to respond to violence in many parts of the state. Consulates in Nuevo Laredo and Matamoros and their respective U. Ports of Entry. Last Update: Reissued after periodic review with updates to U. You are about to leave travel.
Department of State. Links to external websites are provided as a convenience and should not be construed as an endorsement by the U. Department of State of the views or products contained therein. If you wish to remain on travel. Cancel GO. Skip to main content. Gov Travel. Passports International Travel U. Stay Connected. Law Enforcement. Travel Advisories. Y Z All. Mexico Travel Advisory. Travel Advisory. Violent crime, such as homicide, kidnapping, carjacking, and robbery, is widespread.
For detailed information on all states in Mexico, please see below. If you decide to travel to Mexico: Use toll roads when possible and avoid driving alone or at night. In many states, police presence and emergency services are extremely limited outside the state capital or major cities. Exercise increased caution when visiting local bars, nightclubs, and casinos. Do not display signs of wealth, such as wearing expensive watches or jewelry. Be extra vigilant when visiting banks or ATMs. Chihuahua state — Level 3: Reconsider Travel Reconsider travel due to crime.
Chihuahua City: U. Ojinaga: U. Puebla Puebla, Puebla. Mexico City Mexico City, Mexico city. Calvillo Calvillo, Aguascalientes. Viesca Viesca, Coahuila. Ray PVR. Pedro Coronel Museum Zacatecas, Zacatecas. Aktunchen park Facebook. Popular destinations. Coscomatepec de Bravo, Veracruz. Zozocolco de Hidalgo, Veracruz. Mocorito, Sinaloa.